How was life in Saudi Arabia before oil was found?

How was life in Saudi Arabia before oil was found? by Saad B. Khan

Answer by Saad B. Khan:

Very different. Before the discovery of oil in Saudi Arabia in the year 1938, life was different. Saudi Arabia was one of the poorest countries in the world at the time of its founding in 1932, reliant on pilgrimage revenues and limited agriculture. There were no cars, electricity, roads, infrastructure, hospitals, etc. Most of the Saudis were Bedouins and illiterate with low life expectancy and only basic raw food to eat and survive. Playing with falcons and hunting used to be pastimes before the discovery of oil.

Bedouins in 1930

Saudi Arabia in 1937

However, after the discovery of oil in the year 1938, Saudi Arabia became prosperous economically and gained political leverage internationally. By the year 1976, Saudi Arabia had become the largest oil producer in the world. At that time, Saudi Arabia saw economic and social development progress at an extremely rapid rate, thus transforming the infrastructure and educational system of the country.

Meanwhile, in the 21st century, Saudi Arabia came to this:

Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

In fact, Saudi Arabia is much more than these.

Oil did wonders to Saudi Arabia, didn’t it?

How was life in Saudi Arabia before oil was found?

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